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Understanding Medullary Thyroid Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC) is a type of thyroid cancer that begins in the cells of the thyroid gland called the C cells. These cells produce a hormone called calcitonin, which plays a role in regulating calcium levels in the blood. Unlike other forms of thyroid cancer, MTC is not fueled by the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), making it unique from other thyroid cancers. MTC is a rare form of cancer, accounting for only about 3-5% of all thyroid cancers. It is often hereditary and can be caused by a genetic mutation passed down from family members. Early detection and proper treatment of MTC is critical for a positive outcome, as it can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.

medullary, ajcc 8th edition, warburg effect, keytruda, tp53 gene, alpelisib, peritoneal mesothelioma, imfinzi, frontiers in oncology, brca1 and brca2, breast center, neuroblastoma, world cancer day, pseudomyxoma peritonei, 5 causes of cancer

medullary, ajcc 8th edition, warburg effect, keytruda, tp53 gene, alpelisib, peritoneal mesothelioma, imfinzi, frontiers in oncology, brca1 and brca2, breast center, neuroblastoma, world cancer day, pseudomyxoma peritonei, 5 causes of cancer

Medullary Thyroid Cancer is a slow-growing form of cancer, but it can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated. The early stages of MTC often show no symptoms, making regular check-ups and screenings crucial for early detection. Common symptoms of advanced MTC include neck pain, swelling in the neck, and hoarseness. It is important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions and are not always indicative of MTC. Patients with MTC often require a combination of treatments, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy, to manage their disease and prevent its progression. With proper treatment and management, patients with MTC can achieve a good long-term outcome and maintain a good quality of life. However, prompt and accurate diagnosis is key to achieving the best possible outcome for those diagnosed with MTC.

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medullary, ajcc 8th edition, warburg effect, keytruda, tp53 gene, alpelisib, peritoneal mesothelioma, imfinzi, frontiers in oncology, brca1 and brca2, breast center, neuroblastoma, world cancer day, pseudomyxoma peritonei, 5 causes of cancer